What Is The Politically Correct Way To Say Mentally Challenged?

What can I say instead of mental retardation?

The term “intellectual disability” is gradually replacing the term “mental retardation” nationwide..

What is the opposite of a disability?

Disabled people use the term ‘impairment’ to talk about their medical condition or diagnosis or description of their functioning. On the other hand, ‘disability’ describes the social effects of impairment. … Consequently, the opposite of ‘disabled’ is not ‘able-bodied’ or ‘abled’, but ‘non-disabled’ or ‘enabled’.

What are signs of low IQ?

Lower than average scores on IQ tests. Difficulties talking or talking late. Having problems remembering things….IQ 50-70.Slower than normal in all areas.Can conform socially.Can acquire daily task skills.Integrated in society.No unusual physical signs.Can acquire practical skills.Reading and math skills up to grades 3-6.

What is the most common level of mental retardation?

Most affected individuals have mild mental retardation (IQ of 50 to 70). Moderate mental retardation is defined by a tested IQ of between 35 to 40 and 50 to 55. Severe mental retardation is defined by a tested IQ of between 20 to 25 and 35 to 40.

What are the types of mental retardation?

Mental retardation comprises five general categories: borderline, mild, moderate, severe and profound. Categories are based on scores obtained through use of age-standardized tests of cognitive ability (Table 1).

How do you describe someone with a disability?

Rather than using terms such as disabled person, handicapped people, a crippled person, use terms such as people/persons with disabilities, a person with a disability, or a person with a visual impairment.

Is Autism considered an intellectual disability?

About 1% of the general population is thought to have intellectual disability, and about 10% of individuals with intellectual disability have Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) or autistic traits. However, a much higher percentage of individuals with ASD have intellectual disability3.

Is mentally challenged okay to say?

Mentally retarded: Always try to specify the type of disability being referenced. Otherwise, the terms mental disability, intellectual disability and developmental disability are acceptable. See entry on mentally retarded/mentally disabled, intellectually disabled, developmentally disabled .

What does it mean to be mentally challenged?

Intellectual disability (ID), once called mental retardation, is characterized by below-average intelligence or mental ability and a lack of skills necessary for day-to-day living. People with intellectual disabilities can and do learn new skills, but they learn them more slowly.

What are the 4 levels of mental retardation?

The DSM-IV classifies mental retardation into four stages based on severity: mild (IQ score of 50-55 to approximately 70), moderate (IQ score of 30-35 to 50-55), severe (IQ score of 20-25 to 35-40), and profound (IQ score of less than 20-25).

Can mental retardation be reversed?

“The same mutation in animals produces learning disorders, which we were able to eliminate in adult mice. Our work and other recent studies suggest that some forms of mental retardation can be reversed, even in the adult brain.”

Is it OK to say able bodied?

In referring to people with disabilities, it is preferable to use language that focuses on their abilities rather than their disabilities. Therefore, the use of the terms “handicapped,” “able-bodied,” “physically challenged,” and “differently abled” is discouraged. … Use “non-disabled” instead.

What is the most common cause of mental retardation?

Down’s syndrome is the most common specific cause of mental retardation, followed by the Fragile X syndrome, which mainly affects boys.

What is a mentally ill person called?

A mental disorder, also called a mental illness or psychiatric disorder, is a behavioral or mental pattern that causes significant distress or impairment of personal functioning. Such features may be persistent, relapsing and remitting, or occur as a single episode.

What is the politically correct term for mentally challenged?

Term Now Used: intellectual disability. Term no longer in use: mentally handicapped. Term Now Used: intellectually disabled.

Can you say disability?

Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “special needs.” … It is okay to use words or phrases such as “disabled,” “disability,” or “people with disabilities” when talking about disability issues.

Is Lame derogatory?

exciting, not funny, weak, annoying, inadequate or a loser. In this respect ‘lame’ is used like ‘gay’ and should be challenged. It is offensive. ORIGIN: The word dates from the 13th century and comes from the Latin word idiota, meaning ‘ignorant person’.