What Are The Exceptionalities Special Needs?

Is it OK to say special needs?

Don’t use the terms “handicapped,” “differently-abled,” “cripple,” “crippled,” “victim,” “retarded,” “stricken,” “poor,” “unfortunate,” or “special needs.” …

It is okay to use words or phrases such as “disabled,” “disability,” or “people with disabilities” when talking about disability issues..

What are Exceptionalities in special education?

The term exceptionalities in K–12 schooling refers to both disabilities and giftedness. The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act ’04 (IDEA ’04), the national law that guarantees an appropriate education to students with disabilities, recognizes fourteen disability categories. These are: Autism.

What are the 13 categories of special education?

The 13 Disabilities Defined by the Individuals with. Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) … Autism… … Deaf-Blindness… … Deafness… … Emotional Disturbance… … Hearing Impairment… … Intellectual Disability… … Multiple Disabilities…More items…

What is a child with exceptionalities?

A child with an exceptionality means a child evaluated in accordance with the federal and/or state regulations as having: Autism. Deaf / blind. Developmental delay.

Who has a learning disability?

Learning disabilities are common. Between 8% and 10% of children under age 18 in the U.S. may have some type of learning disability. Learning disabilities have nothing to do with how smart a person is. Rather, a person with a learning disability may just see, hear, or understand things differently.

What disability is most common?

Common DisabilitiesAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)Learning Disabilities.Mobility Disabilities.Medical Disabilities.Psychiatric Disabilities.Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Visual Impairments.Deaf and Hard of Hearing.More items…

What are the 5 categories of exceptionality?

CATEGORIES and DEFINITIONS of EXCEPTIONALITIES. Purpose of the standard. … Behaviour.Communication. • Learning Disabled. … Intellectual. • Gifted. … Physical. • Blind-Low Vision. … Multiple.

What are the categories of special needs?

There are four major types of special needs children:Physical – muscular dystrophy, multiple sclerosis, chronic asthma, epilepsy, etc.Developmental – down syndrome, autism, dyslexia, processing disorders.Behavioral/Emotional – ADD, bi-polar, oppositional defiance disorder, etc.More items…•

Do special needs know they are special?

A person who is born with some kind of disabilities might not know or they might know. It really depends on the caregivers, their own environment, and others who understand that person has a disability, but if they treat him/her like a person who’s no different from them.

What is the most common type of special needs?

Some of the most common special needs that young children are diagnosed with are:Speech and/or language delays.Autism Spectrum Disorder.Cognitive delays.Social & emotional disorders.Learning differences/disabilities.

Who are students with exceptionalities?

POSSIBLE ANSWER: The term learners with exceptionalities refers to individuals whose physical, behavioral, or cognitive performance is so different from the norm that additional services are required to meet the individual’s needs. Disability and handicap are not interchangeable terms.

What are the four most common types of exceptionalities found in today’s classrooms?

There are many different categories for exceptionality that include intellectual disability, hearing impairments, speech and language impairments, visual impairments, emotional disturbance, orthopedic impairments, multiple disabilities, autism, traumatic brain injuries, and giftedness and talent.

What are the 13 Exceptionalities in special education?

The term applies to open or closed head injuries resulting in impairments in one or more areas, such as cognition; language; memory; attention; reasoning; abstract thinking; judgment; problem-solving; sensory, perceptual, and motor abilities; psychosocial behavior; physical functions; information processing; and speech …

What are the 13 disabilities for IEP?

To be covered, a child’s school performance must be “adversely affected” by a disability in one of the 13 categories below.Specific learning disability (SLD) … Other health impairment. … Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) … Emotional disturbance. … Speech or language impairment. … Visual impairment, including blindness. … Deafness.More items…

What is an example of a high incidence disability?

High-incidence disabilities include emotional or behavioral disorders, mild to moderate intellectual disabilities, LD, speech and language impairments, and more recently based on the increasing numbers, autism can be considered a high incidence disability (Gage, Lierheimer, & Goran, 2012) .